Description: Placoderm desmid (Cosmarium botrytis). Desmids are freshwater, unicellular green algae that have a symmetrical appearance. There are two groups of desmids: the Placoderm and the Saccoderm desmids. The placoderm desmid cell is divided in two symmetrical halves (semicells) that show a remarkable variation in shape and surface ornamentation. The placoderm desmid is separated by a median constriction called the isthmus. At cell division the cell splits in two at the isthmus, with each half generating a replica of itself to restore the original shape. Saccoderm desmids have simple shapes, cylindrical or spindle-shaped, and rarely with any isthmus. Their unique shapes are the basis for taxonomic classification. Because desmids thrive in clear and nutrient poor freshwater, they are important to ecologists in assessing and monitoring wetland areas.
Type: SEM
Magnification:* x400
Copyright 2011 Dennis Kunkel Microscopy, Inc.
Keywords: 29753A,algae,alga,green algae,green alga,single cell,single celled,single-celled,single celled algae,unicellular,dual semi-cell,dual semi-cellular,desmid,desmids,SEM,06.01.11,Cosmarium botrytis,Chlorophyta,chlorophyte,Gamophyceae,chloroplast,chloroplasts,eukaryote,eukaryotic,eukaryotic cell,Zygnematales,Desmidiaceae,hemicell,hemicells,cellulose,cellulose wall,semicell,semicells,protist,protista,placoderm,placoderm desmid,placoderm desmids,Charophyta,isthmus,fresh water,fresh water alga,fresh water algae,fresh water algal,freshwater,freshwater alga,freshwater algae,freshwater algal,photosynthesis,photosynthetic,cell ornamentation,symmetrical,symmetrical cell,ecological indicator,ecology,freshwater monitoring,fresh water monitoring